Archives par étiquette : Luders 16

Silver Wings n’est plus seule au monde ! #2 – Cymbidium, Luders 16

Cymbidium Luders 16 #5 - 1934J’avais rapporté dans cet article la correspondance avec William (Bill) F. Simpson du Field Museum de Chicago qui m’indiquait avoir connaissance d’un autre Luders 16 en bordés classiques.

Je découvre aujourd’hui un article de la gazette « L16 news » de 1965 qui rapporte que la coque n° 5 (construite en 1934) a été retrouvée (en 1964) et restaurée par Peter D. Sanger, vice-commodore du Fisher’s Island Yacht Club. Son nom est Cymbidium, est-elle toujours à flot ?

La photo ci-dessus illustre l’article. On reconnait bien l’avant anguleux du roof court d’un Luders 16 « classique ». L’autre rescapé (vu en 1987) avait un roof long.

[Edit 18/8/14] : Je viens de recevoir un mail de Kandi Sanguer, veuve de Peter (décédé dans un accident d’avion en 1986 à Fischer Island). Ils ont vendu Cymbidium en 1968 à un chantier de Groton, CT (Shennecossett Yacht Club ?).
Elle indique également : « Tom Russell est le propriétaire du Luders 16 #1 ».

La coque #1 a effectivement survécu, avec la #5 et la #8, à l’ouragan de 1938 qui a décimé la flotte. Incroyable, il y  aurait donc encore un autre survivant ? A suivre

Au registre des caractéristiques, il est intéressant dans cet article de lire le commentaire de A.E. Luders Jr. :

« La différence entre les anciens et les nouveaux bateaux est que nous avons modifié très légèrement le livet, modifié l’angle du tableau arrière, et modifié la courbure de l’étrave. Les formes de la coque sous la flottaison sont exactement les mêmes. Grâce à leur construction plus légère, les bateaux moulés ont vu leur lest augmenté de 50 Lbs (23 kg). »

Silver Wings n’est plus seule au monde !

J’ai contacté les 5 flottes de Luders 16 actives aux États Unis :

  • Chicago Yacht Club, Chicago, IL
  • Frenchman’s Bay Luders 16 Fleet, Frenchman’s Bay, ME
  • Mount Desert Island Luders 16 Fleet, Mount Desert Island, ME
  • Southern Yacht Club, New Orleans, LA
  • Wooden Hull Yacht Club, San Diego, CA

Merveilleux retour de William (Bill) F. Simpson du Field Museum de Chicago :

When in 1987 I was looking to join the Chicago L16 Fleet, I corresponded with an owner from NY who had a planked L16 for sale.  His name was John Packard. Here’a a pic!

Silver Wings a donc un sister-ship, parmi les 4 candidats potentiels construits en bordés classiques avant-guerre (rappelons que 11 des 14 bateaux construits avant 1838 ont été détruits par l’ouragan de septembre 1938 sur la côte de Nouvelle Angleterre, et que la coque n° 15 a été construite en 1939).

Voici la photo de cet autre Luders 16, prise en 1987 :

Luders 16 Sister ship

Le Luders Hull Register rapporte que, des bateaux construites jusqu’en 1938, seuls les n° 1, 5 et 8 – bien que sérieusement endommagés – ont survécu. Les coques 1, 5 et 8 étant de la série initiale étaient construites avec un roof court. Il est donc hautement probable que celui-ci est le n° 15.

Alleluia (traduction : Gloire aux Luders 16) !

Qu’est-ce qu’un Luders 16 ?

C’est un bien joli bateau … dessiné par Alfred Edfward « Bill » Luders et son père Bill en 1933.

On se reportera à un article très documenté de Bob Wellstrom, publié dans Wooden Boats Magazine n° 177 (avril 2004). Bob à travaillé pendant 3 ans au chantier Luders et a été un ami personnel de Bill Luders. Il prépare un livre sur l’histoire de Luders.

« For the Luders Marine Construction Company of Stamford, CT, an order for 10 boats to a new design from Fishers Island Yacht Club, New York, couldn’t have come at a better time.

The Great Depression of the 1930s had plunged America into hard economic times and the firm was suffering. The Luders 16, as the new design became known, however, provided not only much-needed work, but also became one of the company’s bestsellers.

Luders 16Designed by AE (Bill) Luders, the new one-design was developed for use by Fishers Island YC’s junior sailors to give them a bigger and more challenging boat to move up to.

It was similar in design to a 6-Metre, featuring long, elegant overhangs, an attractive sheer, fin keel and a tall, narrow rig. Planked in 5/8in white cedar on steamed oak timbers, the 26ft (8m) L-16 also included very basic accommodation.

By 1938, 14 had been launched and were racing to great success, but in September of that year, disaster struck: a Category 5 hurricane hit the New England coast, destroying or damaging 57,000 homes and 2,600 boats. Only three L-16s survived, and even these were not totally unscathed.

The advent of World War II halted the class further, and although a new boat was launched in 1939, it wasn’t until 1944 that the class began to reform.

The interruption of World War II did, however, have a positive effect in that new construction techniques honed during this time helped reincarnate the design.

During the war, Luders Marine produced 18ft (5.5m) airborne lifeboats, which were hot-moulded in construction and, following a small redesign, the L-16s were built using this method, too.

The new boats were 4in (10cm) longer overall, had an inch more freeboard and were of a lighter displacement, with double-diagonal hulls built of five 1/8in mahogany laminations, glued with resorcinol. Initially they were designed with a long coachroof and three port lights, but it was eventually shortened to improve the cockpit size.

Interestingly, despite Luders Marine’s obvious skill at hot-moulding, the hulls were built by two sub-contractors, US Plywood of Long Island and Allied Aviation of Cockeysville, who between them built 150, while they were fitted out by Luders Marine. In 1945, some were also fitted out by South Coast Company at Newport Beach, which also helped promote the class.

The class became an instant hit, and, marketed as “hot racers for the common man”, fleets were soon established at Chicago, Newport Beach, New Orleans and Bermuda. Of these, it is the Chicago Yacht Club’s fleet that has proved the most enduring, as it has raced continuously since 1945, and today has 12 boats, five of which regularly race.

Designed for juniors to sail, the L-16 offers both exhilaration and a stable learning platform. With its long hull, relatively narrow beam, 2/3 fractional bermudan rig and 180 per cent genoa, crewing a L-16 has been described like “sailing on a needle”, and according to fleet archivist Bill Simpson, “it takes very little wind to begin heeling the boat.

In 15 knots you will be heeled 25-30 degrees, but it is not unusual to ‘bury’ the inclinometer, which stops measuring at 45 degrees!” However, although initially tender, the 1,600lb lead keel makes them inherently stable, so knockdowns are rare.

Like many classes of its era, the L-16 saw its heyday in the 1960s when 20 boats were regularly seen on the startline. By this time, GRP hulls had infiltrated the class and, although Luders Marine built the first two, they ceased production in 1959, and it was taken over by Easterly Yachts, Midwest Marine and Continental Plastics.

In 1986, four more were built in Bermuda, and there are plans, if enough interest can be generated, to build more in Maine.

Luders 16

Original name

The class was initially called the Fishers Island L-Class, before being renamed the Luders 16. ‘Luders’ refers to the class’s designer AE (Bill) Luders and ‘16’ to the design’s waterline length.

Vital Statistics

  • LOA: 26ft 4in (8m)
  • LWL: 16ft 4in (5m)
  • Beam: 5ft 9in (1.8m)
  • Draught: 4ft (1.2m)
  • Disp: 2,950lb (1.338kg)
  • Sail area: 207sqft (19.2m2)
  • Designer:  AE (Bill) Luders »

(Source : Classic Boats magazine)